A PRESTIGIOUS ACCOLADE
The Academy Awards mark one of those special events that take place only once a year. The accolades are presented during a glamorous ceremony, dedicated to the best achievements in the film industry. For the recipients, this will be the moment in which their hard work has been appreciated and they have risen to the top of the mountain. Therefore receiving an Oscar or simply being a nominee is among the most prestigious honours in Hollywood. The event brings joy not only to the winners and the nominees but to the public as well , because the ceremony is broadcasted live all over the globe. The show attracts millions of viewers every year who want to see whether their favorite performers are going to get the golden statuette or not.
While the most famous faces of the movie industry compete for the prestigious award and get special attention from the media, other people, who are also part of the filming process, are getting left behind. The categories are 24, yet, most viewers can’t name even 10. Everybody knows about the big five - the awards earned by leading actors and actresses, the directors, the producers and the script writers, but what about the rest - the ignored or forgotten ones. All of these films, people and achievements deserve some recognition, so neither should remain unknown. We have mentioned a few records about the Oscars in our previous article but since there are so many more to talk about, we have dedicated a second page to the topic.
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MOST AWARDED FILMS
The members of the Academy like to present the Best Picture Award at the end of the ceremony because they are saving the best for last. After all, the accolade goes to the movie with the greatest cultural significance for the past year. Although the granz prize is received by the producers, because they provide all the financial, material and human resources, the Oscar is made to be shared. The idea behind a movie can belong to a single person, but the realization is the result of mutual efforts by a whole team of professionals. From such a perspective, this Oscar praises the work of every individual who took part in the making of the film.
Many times the Best Picture was the one with the most awards at the ceremony. When everybody has done an outstanding job, the film can be nominated and win in various categories. However, that was not the case as "Cabaret" (1972) has the most Oscars without winning the grand prize - 8 in total.
Three movies have won a record 11 Academy Awards including the one for Best Picture - "Ben-Hur" (1959), "Titanic" (1997) and "Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King" (2003). The last movie made the largest sweep in Oscar history - winning every category it was competing in. When it comes to being a nominee, 14 is the number for the most nominations for a single film, an achievement shared between "All About Eve" (1950), "Titanic" (1997) and "La La Land" (2016). All three of them competed for Best Picture but only the third didn’t win.
Remaking award winning classics is a trend nowadays, but not all are successful like their predecessors. So far 8 remakes were nominated for Best Picture just like the original feature they are based upon. The most recent of them are "Les Miserables" (1935/2012), "A Star is Born" (1937/2018) and "Little Women" (1933/2019).
Just like any Oscar, this one has to be earned too. Being a supporting actor or an actress doesn’t mean the role is less important than the main one. In a movie there are primary and secondary characters, so each of those needs portrayal. As its name suggests, the supporting role helps the leading one stand out even more. Primary characters develop over the movie by interacting with others. Sometimes the presence of the supporting actor/actress defies the personality and the motives of the ones in the leading role. The Academy Awards have taken these factors into account to make an accolade for a Supporting Actor and Supporting Actress. There are those who have won the Oscar on several occasions, while others have received an impressive number of nominations.
Walter Brennan, for example, has earned three awards for Best Supporting Actor thanks to the pictures "Come and Get it" (1936), "Kentucky" (1938) and "The Westerner" (1940). No one else has won more in the category. He and another six actors hold the record for most nominations for the Oscar with four - among them are Al Pacino and Jeff Bridges.
Jack Nicholson has the most nominations as a Leading and a Supporting Actor in combined. He won three out of twelve by starring as the main character in "As Good as it Gets" (1997) and "One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest" (1975), plus one for a secondary role in "Terms of Endearment" (1984).
Thelma Ritter has the record for most nominations for Best Supporting Actress but has never earned the accolade. Only two women have won the award on multiple occasions. The first is Dianne Wiest, who starred in "Hannah and Her Sisters" (1986) and "Bullets Over Broadway" (1994). The second one is Shelley Winters, she got the Award for her roles in "The Diary of Anne Frank" (1959) and "A Patch of Blue" (1965).
MAKEUP & COSTUMES
Every film needs more than good acting to create the atmosphere. The outlook of the characters and the clothes they wear matter as well. These details give more authenticity to the picture and help the actors in their performance. Good makeup can change the appearance to match the age and the facial features of the character, while the costumes speak about the location and time of events, plus, the status of the person wearing them. In short, having a sense of fashion and adding the right touch to the facial features pays off at the Academy Awards. The accolades presented in these categories are titled Best Costume Design and Best Makeup and Hairstyling.
Edith Head is famous for creating some of the best costumes for the silver screen. She has been awarded more Oscars than any other female in Hollywood. All of her eight Academy Awards are for Best Costume Design. With a total of 35, she has more nominations than any other female participant in the ceremony.
Rick Baker is the most successful makeup artist at the Academy Awards. He holds two records - one as nominee and one as a winner. He has been a contender for the Oscar for Best Makeup and Hairstyling 11 times and has won 7 accolades - much more than anyone in the category.
COMPOSING A SCORE
Since a movie without music would be empty, there’s an Oscar that pays respect to the musical artists who present work of their own for the sake of film-making. To win the Academy Award for Best Original Score, the composer has to come up with a soundtrack to guide the emotions of the public and convey the message of the picture. The music is the background to the action that takes place during the picture, so the melody must follow the right tone from start to finish.In regards to composing, timing is also important for winning the Oscar. The music must strengthen the effect of the most important moments, point out the transition from one scene to another or give a hint what direction the film is heading in to.
John Williams has been nominated for best Original Score more times than any other. Most of these 52 nominations are associated with Steven Spielberg Movies. The five Oscars earned by Willaims are for "Fiddler on the Roof" (1971), "Jaws" (1975), "Star Wars" (1977), "ET - The Extra Terrestrial" (1982) and "Schindler's List" (1993).
Alfred Newman has the Most Awards in the category, winning 9 out of 43 nominations. The first of his Oscars is for "Alexander's Ragtime Band" (1938) and the last one's for "Camelot" (1967). He is also the only composer to win the award four times in a single decade thanks to "Love is a Many-Splendored Thing" (1955), "The King and I" (1956), "With a Song in My Heart" (1952) and "Call Me Madam" (1953).
WITHOUT ANY AWARDS
One of the saddest things that could happen to an Oscar nominee is to receive multiple nominations only to leave the ceremony empty handed. No matter how acclaimed the movie might be and how many categories it covers, the number of competitors can be too big to overcome. For others the unpleasant part is to enter several ceremonies as a contender but to see the Award going to a person with fewer nominations and less experience. Since not everybody can be a winner, often professionals and veterans get overlooked. Furthermore, the results are based on the opinion of the critics, which tend to favor their own interests by the vote. Therefore the Academy Awards are also known for records that can be considered unfair.
When it comes to pictures, both "The Turning Point" (1977) and "The Color Purple" (1985) have 11 nominations – the most without winning a single Award. In regards to the BIG FIVE the former film was a contender in four of the categories (except Leading Actor) while the latter was nominated for Best Picture, Best Screenplay and Best Actress in a Leading Role.
The unfairness affects the performers as well. Peter O'Toole has 8 nominations for a Leading Actor but never got an Oscar. His colleagues Richard Burton and the actress Glenn Close were nominated 7 times each for main and supporting roles but were also unsuccessful in winning.
As we reach the end, we must mention the people behind the camera. Five of the most famous Hollywood film-makers have never won an Academy Award for Directing despite multiple entries in the category. Alfred Hitchcock and Robert Altman earned five nominations while Sidney Lumet and Stanley Kubrick got only four. Clarence Brown however holds the record for being a contender six times without winning the award.